National and International Context: Reading List

The United States has, now, almost completed the transition from democratic elitism to neodemocracy. However, most of the American public know nothing about this, except that they recognize that something is wrong, that government isn't running the way it is supposed to. --- If you want to know more about these things, I suggest reading the following key works:

Samuel P. Huntington's The Clash of Civilizations provided the core concepts for the U.S. policies on globalization. The related internal restructuring of our government was begun by President Clinton's Administration and is being continued by President G.W. Bush's Administration.
Find a book or several books (there are many) on the consensus process. That is alternatively known by the names, "total quality management" (TQM), "group processes" or "neodemocracy."i --- That is how the new form of government is intended to be run, at all levels, behind a facade of representative government, that will remain, for a while, although it will become increasingly powerless.
Peter Bachrach's 1967 The Theory of Democratic Elitism describes the structure of government that  the United States had, in practice, from approximately 1933 to 1960.
Michael Cozier et al.'s  The Crisis of Democracy describes the changes that brought the United State's era of democratic elitism to an end and made concrete proposals for what would replace it. This book is,  Triangle Paper  Number 8Triangle Papers numbers 18 and 28, gave more detailed advice on how to implement neodemocracy at the local level.  In Washington State, their implementation resulted in the watershed councils and they eventually became the Water Resource Inventory Areas (WRIA's). ---  Incidentally,  Samuel P. Huntington was the second author of The Crisis of Democracy
If you want to see the openly published "official" plans for the transition, they are: 
1) Goals for America: The Report of the President's Commission on National Goals, in 1960, under President Eisenhower,  was the first public version of the US plan for the transition;
2) Report to the President on the White House Public Forum on Democratic Policy, in 1975, under President Carter; and  
3) Global 2000 Report to the President, in 2000, under President Clinton.
Richard Pearle et al.'s, 1996, A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm, appears to have provided the core concepts for Bush's wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.  It was written as a response to Huntington's scheme for globalization. --- I think you will currently find it on Saudi Arabia's website.
Margaret Thatcher's last public address, serialized in three parts in the London Times, was another response to Huntington's modest proposal. ---  She recommended that the US amalgamate with the remnants of the British Empire (that is, Australia, Canada, Great Britain and New Zealand) instead of with Latin America. --- To me, the main impact of her address is that it confirms the assertion that Huntington's book provides the core of our government's plans for globalization.
Noss and Cooperrider's Saving Nature's Legacy contains instructions for the implementation of the leading US environmental program, the Wildlands Project, which Noss invented. The vast majority of their book consists of perfectly valid concepts from contemporary ecology. However, among them are scattered the elements of a radical political doctrine. --- It appears to be a form of Nihilism. --- However, it may be difficult for the general public to distinguish the political doctrine from the accepted ecological concepts. Nevertheless, this is where they are found. The best description I know of, of how this political doctrine translates into a neodemocratic structure for local government was presented by Chis May in his, 2000,  Kitsap Peninsula Salmonid Refugia Study.  It used to be available on Kitsap County's website, but I think is no longer there, However, my  review of it is still available on this website, on the Land Use and Watersheds page.
Malachi Martin's two books, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Church and Keys of this Blood provide the background on the relationship between the Catholic Church and globalization. According to Huntington's plan for globalization, the world is to become a collection of six or seven cultural blocks. America and possibly also the European Union will become totalitarian theocracies under the Roman Catholic Church. The Vatican II Convention effectively declared them a total quality management organization. That made them compatible with Global Government and Pope John Paul II brought them most of the way through the transition to that organizational structure. --- Martin's The Decline and Fall of the Roman Church examines the history of the Roman Church from the time of Emperor Constantine, in the fourth century CE, to the time of Pope John Paul I, in the twentieth century. He does not say much that is controversial in that book but it lays the foundation. His, Keys of this Blood, examines the history of John Paul II. It is the more telling book.
Francis Fukuyama also contributed to this general theme in his The End of History and the Last Man.

John F. Manley et al.'s Building a North American Community discusses the amalgamation of Canada, USA and Mexico into a federated union. This book may be the core of the next plan. At any rate, what it proposes represents logically the next step in the overall plan that was first laid out in 1960 and which they have been working progressively to achieve, since that time. So, over the next decade, expect that various parties will be striving to fulfill this plan. --- As one of the members of the committee who contributed to this book wrote, although this may benefit certain large businesses, it will not be in the best interests of the common peoples of any of these three countries. --- You are not going to find this book at your local book store but it is available from the Brookings Institute { ).


Background on the relationship between church and state:

 Antonio Gramsci  was the founder of the Italian Communist Party. He identified the Catholic Church as the principle enemy of Communist man and recommended not that they fight it but that they join it and, when they are inside it in sufficient numbers, change its doctrines. His recommendations were implemented and the profound changes that have occurred in the Catholic Church over the last few decades may represent the results.

Georges Sorel was an Anarchist. He was active in the early union and syndicalist movements. He argued that tyranny and democracy could be combined behind a shroud of mystery, to provide what might be called a "secular religion," in which the State, its leaders, or a class of people assume the role of the gods. Sorel's recommendation was adopted by both Joseph Stalin and Franklin D. Roosevelt. --- In both cases, the primary mystery was the difference between government according to the Constitution and government in practice. This secular religion only began to emerge in the United States after the Second World War, as our form of governance began to follow democratic elitism. However, that broke down during the1960's and 1970's. It has now almost been replaced by neodemocracy but that has yet to transform itself into a religion.

Carl Jung's, 1939, Tavistock Lecture provides a fairly clear brief explanation of the psychological processes that underlie religions, such as these, that revolve about mysteries.


Background on Political Theory:

Karl W. Deutsch, John Platt, and Dieter Senghaas, 1971, article, “Conditions Favoring Major Advances in Science” Science 171: 450-459, lists sixty-two key advances in the social sciences which led to major changes in the structure in American government during the twentieth century.

Two more recent advances that should probably also be considered are P.G. Zimbardo's “The Human Choice: Individuation, Reason, and Order Versus Deindividuation, Impulse and Chaos” in M.J. Arnold and D. Levine (eds.) Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 1969, Univ. Nebraska Press, Lincoln Nebraska (This is a contemporary reiteration of Carl Jung's 1921 book, Psychological Types.) and P.G. Zimbardon et al.'s 1982. “The Psychology of Imprisonment” in John C. Brigham and Lawrence S. Wrightsman (eds.) Contemporary Issues in Social Psychology, Brooks/Cole Publ. Co. Monterey CA, 395 p.

My, 2000, book Politics of Change: A Brief History traces the development of these and other political ideas from the Classical Period to the present. --- It is available from Hargrave Publishing.



Neodemocracy is the system of governance developed, during the 1920's, by Harvard University Professor Elton Mayo, in his study of industrial psychology at General Electric's Hawthorne Laboratory. Dr. Mayo did not invent this form of governance but merely applied an ancient method which was previously poorly known. In particular, it had been used by the Quakers, since they were founded by Fox, several centuries earlier. Nor was he its inventor, as it can be traced further back, under the name of “Sobernost,” to thirteenth century Poland, where it provided the mechanism for decision-making in their parliament. I have not traced it further than that. Nevertheless, as that was approximately when the Jews migrated from Western Europe to Poland, if it did not originate at that time, it might either have originally been a Slavic custom or a Jewish one. I leave that as an open question. During one Summer, while J. Edwards Deming was in graduate school at Yale, he worked in Mayo's study at Hawthorne. After he finished his doctorate, Deming worked briefly for the US Census Bureau and, then, was invited by General Douglas MacArthur to introduce those methods into Japanese Industry, during their post-war reconstruction. He called them “total quality management” (TQM). However, they had already been introduced into China, by Alger Hess, who, at that time, worked for the Institute for Pacific Relations. He induced Chairman Mao to use them as their form of governance at the local level. Thus, neodemocracy may also be referred to as “Red Chinese Communism.” It would appear that the term “neodemocracy” was first applied to this form of government during a conversation between Chairman Mao and an American Author, who was interviewing him. As Chairman Mao pointed out, at that time, the Red Chinese form of government was not the same as Communism, as that was practiced in the Soviet Union, but was a type of right-wing socialist democracy. --- The most familiar government that would fit that general description would be that of Nazi Germany or Fascist Italy. However, neodemocracy is really intermediate between Fascism and Marxist-Leninist Communism. In particular, it draws public-private partnerships from Fascism and group decision-making from the Soviets. It is “democratic” only to the extent that the positions held by government in a totalitarian State are, also, those of their people. --- Today, neodemocracy provides the structure and methods of global government (see Huntington's book cited above).